AskDefine | Define projects

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

projects
  1. Plural of project

Verb

projects
  1. third-person singular of project

Extensive Definition

. For all other uses, see Project (disambiguation).
A project, as defined in the field of project management, consists of a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a product or service. More generically, the Oxford English Dictionary suggests that business and science projects involve "a collaborative enterprise, frequently involving research or design, that is carefully planned to achieve a particular aim".

Origin

The word project comes from the Latin word projectum from the Latin verb proicere, "to throw something forwards" which in turn comes from pro-, which denotes something that precedes the action of the next part of the word in time (paralleling the Greek πρό) and iacere, "to throw". The word "project" thus actually originally meant "something that comes before anything else happens". When the English language initially adopted the word, it referred to a plan of something, not to the act of actually carrying this plan out. Something performed in accordance with a project became known as an "object". This use of "project" changed in the 1950s with the introduction of several techniques for project management. Use of the word "project" evolved slightly to cover both projects and objects. However, certain projects continue to include so-called objects and object leaders.

Applicability

Contemporary Western business — characterized by a modern matrix organization and a cooperative culturecurrently particularly favors project-based approaches. Authoritarian, bureaucratic organizations with rigid, hierarchical structures show less enthusiasm about project-based work, which may not operate as expected in their environment due to conflicts between different cultures.

Notable projects

With product outcomes

With service outcomes

Other

With unique outcomes

With non-unique outcomes

School Usage

Within public schools in the United States, a project is an assignment given to a student which generally requires a larger amount of effort than normal homework assignments. They can range anywhere from simple written projects to elaborate and well-constructed Science Fair Projects.

Footnotes

projects in Bulgarian: Проект
projects in Catalan: Projecte (economia)
projects in Czech: Projekt
projects in Danish: Projekt
projects in German: Projekt
projects in Spanish: Proyecto
projects in Persian: پروژه
projects in French: Projet
projects in Korean: 프로젝트
projects in Italian: Progetto
projects in Latvian: Projekts
projects in Lithuanian: Projektas
projects in Hungarian: Projekt
projects in Macedonian: Проект
projects in Dutch: Project
projects in Japanese: プロジェクト
projects in Polish: Projekt (zarządzanie)
projects in Portuguese: Projeto
projects in Russian: Проект
projects in Sicilian: Pruggettu
projects in Simple English: Project
projects in Slovak: Projekt
projects in Slovenian: Projekt
projects in Finnish: Projekti
projects in Swedish: Projekt
projects in Tamil: செயற்றிட்டம்
projects in Thai: โครงการ
projects in Vietnamese: Dự án
projects in Turkish: Proje
projects in Chinese: 项目
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